Present Tense in English Grammar

Present Tense in English Grammar

English is based on Tenses. Without Tenses, it is difficult to learn English Grammar. If you want to learn English, improve your Tenses first.

Tenses are of three types:

1) Present Tense - Present Indefinite, Present Continuous, Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous

2) Past Tense - Past Indefinite, Past Continuous, Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous

3) Future Tense - Future Indefinite, Future Continuous, Future Perfect and Future Perfect Continuous

Present Tense in English Grammar
Present Tense in English Grammar 

Here Present Tense has been discussed with its four types:

1) Present Indefinite (Simple) - S + V1 + s/es + O.

We use 's' or 'es' with first form of verb with third person singular Pronouns like 'He', 'She', and 'It'.

1) He/ She plays cricket.
2) He/ She reads the book.
3) It rains.
4) The woodcutter cuts the woods.
5) He goes to temple daily.

We use only first form of verb with Pronouns like 'I', 'You', 'We' and 'They'. We don't use 's' or 'es' with these Pronouns.

1) I/ You/ We/ They play cricket.
2) I read the book.
3) We go to temple daily.
4) You speak the truth.
5) They walk daily.

2) Present Continuous (Progressive) - S + is/ am/ are + V1 + ing + O.

We use 'am' with Pronoun 'I', 
'is' with Pronouns 'He', 'She' and 'It', 
'are' with Pronouns 'We', 'You' and 'They'.

1) I am reading the book.
2) He/ She is playing cricket.
3) We are solving the sums.
4) You are making a noise.
5) They are fighting.

3) Present Perfect - S + has/ have + V3 + O.

We use 'has' with Pronouns 'He', 'She' and 'It',
'have' with Pronouns 'I', 'You', 'We' and 'They'.

1) He/ She has written letters.
2) I have eaten my breakfast.
3) We have won the match.
4) They have gone to their houses.
5) I have completed my homework.

4) Present Perfect Continuous - S + has/ have + been + V1 + ing + O.

We use 'since' and 'for' in Present Perfect Continuous Tense. 'Since' is used for specific point of time, e.g: since 8 o'clock, since Monday, since 2018.

'For' is used when there is no exact time and date, e.g: for two hours, for three days, for several years.

1) They have been working in this factory since 2018.
2) The gardener has been watering the plants since 8 o'clock.
3) They have been preparing the examinations since Monday.
4) He has been playing cricket for two hours.
5) I have been living in this house for several years.
6) We have been writing the novel for three days.

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